Chapter 12.12 - Street Improvement Policy

12.12.010 City street system-Classification
A. Functional Classifications. City streets shall be placed in five functional classifications: local streets, minor collector streets, major collector streets, arterial streets, and major regional arterial streets.
B. Major Street Plan Classifications. Local streets, minor collector streets, major collector streets and arterial streets not specifically shown on the major street plan of Lakewood, must be platted and developed as determined by the city.
C. References in existing planned developments (PD's) and official development plans (ODP's) to street designations such as "freeways" and "major streets" will be reviewed by the Director of the Department of Planning, Permits and Public Works as said streets are to be planned or constructed and the Director of the Department of Planning, Permits and Public Works will determine which new street designation standards will be applied. The determination of the Director of the Department of Planning, Permits and Public Works may be appealed by the affected property owner to the Planning Commission within ten days of said determination and the Planning Commission's decision on the street design designation shall be final.
D. All state highways in Lakewood, except freeways, are designated as a part of the city street system for determining cost responsibilities in Section 12.12.030. (Ord. O-94-17 §§ 20-22, 1994; Ord. O-91-59 § 6 (part), 1991; Ord. O-85-63 § 1, 1985).

12.12.020 Type of improvements required for city's street system
Adequate and consistent design guidelines, based on engineering and planning standards, must be applied in developing the city's street system. All street improvements will therefore be in accordance with the city Engineering Regulations, Construction Specifications, and Design Standards as amended, the subdivision ordinance and the zoning ordinance.
In those instances where, in the opinion of the City Engineer, the rigid application of such guidelines would result in excessive right-of-way costs, relocation problems, and/or other extreme difficulties, a lesser standard may be approved by the City Engineer. (Ord. O-94-17 § 23, 1994; Ord. O-85-63 § 2, 1985).

12.12.030 Cost responsibility for improvements to the city's street system
A. The cost responsibilities for street improvements applies the general but qualified concept that those who benefit from street and other public improvements should be most directly responsible for the cost of said improvements.
B. In applying this concept, the following conditions are recognized and incorporated in assigning cost responsibilities:
1. Any new land development within Lakewood benefits by the existence and use of the existing street system and other public improvements in the community. Nonetheless, while the existing street system and other existing public improvements benefit all new land development, no specific monetary charges are made to new land developments for use of the existing street system and other existing public improvements.
2. Benefits derived from arterial and major regional arterial streets adjacent to and within a new land development accrue both to the general public and to the owner of a new land development.
3. Benefits derived from major collector streets, minor collector streets and local streets are direct and accrue primarily to the owner of a new land development.
C. Cost responsibilities for new streets are as follows:

Classification Right-of-Way Streets Sidewalk/Bikeways

Major regional Property owner Shared Property owner
arterial streets

Arterial streets Property owner Shared Property owner

Collector streets Property owner Property owner Property owner
(major and minor)

Local streets Property owner Property owner Property owner

Cost sharing on major regional arterial and arterial streets shall be done in the following manner: the property owner shall pay the cost of the street except for those costs paid for by the city. The property owner shall be responsible for all street improvements defined in Section 14.13.020 of the municipal code including roadway base and pavement thicknesses up to an EDLA (equivalent daily loaded axle) of thirty or the EDLA required for all traffic generated by the land development whichever is greater. The city will pay for any roadway base and pavement thicknesses in excess of the portion paid by the property owner.
D. Rebuild of Existing Street Facilities. The city shall have the authority to require improvements on existing streets made necessary by the development of a parcel. The procedures for such improvements shall be as defined in Chapter 14.13 of the city code or the subdivision and zoning ordinances, whichever provides the higher standard. These improvements shall include but not be limited to: Those rights-of-way, easements, access rights, and physical improvements which, upon formal acceptance by the city, shall become the responsibility of the city for ownership and/or maintenance and repair, unless otherwise provided, and shall include, but not by way of limitation, the following: curb and gutter, asphalt pavement, concrete pavement, streets of all types, survey monuments, pavement striping, sidewalks, pedestrian/bike paths, traffic signals, street lights, street signs, highways, freeways, rights-of-way, easements, access rights, construction plans, medians, bridges, acceleration and deceleration lanes, culverts, storm drainage facilities including necessary structures, channels, water lines, sanitary sewer lines, and all other improvements, which upon acceptance by the city are intended to be for the use of and enjoyment of the public.
E. Peripheral Streets. A peripheral street is one which borders a development, with one fraction of the street right-of-way on the property owner's land and the remaining street right-of-way on the adjacent property owner's land. A street which is located on right-of-way entirely within a single property owner's land is not a peripheral street and will be paid for by the property owner with the exception of major regional arterial or arterial streets cost sharing which is as specified in subsection C of this section.
1. New Peripheral Streets. If the City Engineer determines that a new local or collector peripheral street is to be constructed, the property owner shall build and pay for one-half of the street plus five feet of additional pavement, but not less than 17 feet of pavement.
If the City Engineer determines that a new major regional arterial or arterial peripheral street is to be constructed, the property owner shall build and pay for one-half of the street.
Cost sharing for the additional thickness requirement of a major regional arterial or arterial street shall be as specified in subsection C of this section.
2. Existing Non-Standard Peripheral Street. Where a peripheral street exists but does not meet current City standards, adjacent property owners shall build and pay for one-half of the street plus five feet of additional pavement for a local or collector street as determined by the City Engineer, but not less than 17 feet of pavement.
If the City Engineer determines that an existing non-standard street is to be constructed to major regional arterial or arterial street standards, the adjacent property owner shall build and pay for one-half of the street.
Cost sharing for additional thickness requirements of a major regional arterial or arterial street shall be as specified in subsection C of this section. (Ord. O-98-38 § 5, 1998; Ord. O-94-17 §§ 24-27, 1994; Ord. O-86-114 § 1, 1986; Ord. O-85-63 § 3, 1985).